Telecom Ministry, in its preliminary enquiry found that Airtel's Zero and the Facebook-Reliance Communications’ internet.org are against the spirit of net neutrality.
"This is the view after the initial assessment. However, any final decision regarding the two services will be taken only once the expert committee of the ministry submits its recommendations on the entire gamut of issues related to net neutrality," a top source said.
He added, the ministry is also waiting for recommendations from TRAI on the matter.
Telecom operators deny that their schemes violate net neutrality. The Airtel Zero plan, introduced in April, promises preferential treatment for websites that agree to sign up for the marketing platform by paying a fee while internet.org aims at providing affordable internet services to less developed countries but it was criticized for offering only few websites for free, thus restricting net neutrality.
Ministry sources said the government is looking into the views of the telecom operators as well as OTT players. The views of civil society activists and consumer groups are also being studied. The government feels that there should be non-discriminatory access to internet for all citizens across the country. The government is also looking into how other countries, including the US and those across within the European region, are dealing with the subject.